More Snow on the Gunflint Trail

We thought we were done with the shovels but apparently Mother Nature had other plans. It sure looked like spring yesterday but not so much today with the big snowflakes falling from the sky.

Gunflint Trail

Gunflint Trail snow

Posted in Gunflint Trail

The Answer is Obvious

Sometimes I find myself fixated on a piece of news. I currently have a number of feelings regarding a recent death of a Minnesota Conservation Officer. I’ve even found myself checking back for updated articles and then I realized the information I was looking for was right in front of me.

Here’s the details regarding the incident. Two DNR Conservation Officers were called out to a lake on April 19th to check out something floating in the water which someone thought could possibly have been a body. To my knowledge no one was missing in the area, there wasn’t an empty boat floating around in the lake and there was no reason to think there might actually be someone in the water.

The two Conservation Officers launched their boat and as they were pulling away from shore they were thrown into the water. Rescuers were able to reach one of the men but the other slipped beneath the water before rescuers could get to him. No one will comment on whether either were wearing their life jackets.  The body of the deceased man was recovered the next day.

Can you guess what my question is? It’s such an obvious answer I’m embarrassed. I wanted to know if they were wearing their life jackets. The answer is so insane I can’t comprehend it. My mind won’t let me believe two Conservation Officers would get into a boat just after ice out without wearing life jackets. The other man is out of the hospital now and obviously knows the answer to my question as do we all. Had either himself or his partner been wearing a life vest they would both be alive right now.

It’s a sad story about something that never should have happened.  Please wear your life jacket, it doesn’t work if you don’t wear it.


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Posted in News

Winter Storm Warning

Three of the three high school  baseball games scheduled for this week were cancelled due to field conditions. I wonder what will happen next week?

Winter Storm Warning
.A strong spring snow storm will bring wet, heavy accumulating 
snow and very strong east-northeast winds, starting today in a few 
waves of heavy snow before transitioning into more typical 
light/moderate snowfall tonight. The snowfall, combined with the 
northeast winds, will lead to near-blizzard conditions in some 
spots, especially near Lake Superior including the shoreline of 
the Twin Ports. Snowfall will start slightly later than previously 
forecast and amounts have been lowered slightly, but there is 
still expected to be periods of heavy snow and very strong winds 
today creating very hazardous travel conditions. Snow may turn 
into a wintry mix at times, especially in northwest Wisconsin this 
evening where a period of freezing rain is possible before a 
transition back to all rain/snow on Friday. Very strong northeast 
winds will cause blowing snow to significantly reduce visibility. 
Travel conditions could be life- threatening for a period 
Thursday afternoon. Wind gusts will range between 40 to 50 mph 
over a portion of the forecast area, with gusts approaching 55 or 
60 mph right along Lake Superior. 
* WHAT...Heavy mixed precipitation expected. Total snow 
accumulations of 5 to 10 inches and ice accumulations of around 
one tenth of an inch expected. Winds gusting as high as 50 mph. 
* WHERE...Portions of northwest Wisconsin and east central, 
north central and northeast Minnesota. 
* WHEN...From 7 AM this morning to 1 PM CDT Friday. Conditions 
will be worst Thursday afternoon and evening. 
* ADDITIONAL DETAILS...Travel could be very difficult. Areas of 
blowing snow could significantly reduce visibility. The 
hazardous conditions will impact the Thursday evening commute. 
Gusty winds could bring down tree branches.
Posted in News

Rain and snow, snow and rain

Spring is here and on the Gunflint Trail that means, “Mud Season” Of course the snow doesn’t magically disappear overnight replaced by bone dry ground come morning. If only it would be that easy. Instead the shovels remain propped against the side of the building right next to the rakes that are anxiously awaiting their season. It will be awhile before we can rake but just seeming them has a way of lifting ones spirits. Spring is here, summer is coming.

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Posted in Gunflint Trail

Minnesota Moose Population


Northeastern Minnesota moose population remains low but stable
8th consecutive year of stability means the overall number of moose aren’t declining

Results of the 2019 moose survey indicate northeastern Minnesota’s moose population remains stable but relatively low for the eighth year in a row, according to the Department of Natural Resources.

“We’re encouraged that the moose population is not in the steep decline it was,” said Glenn DelGiudice, DNR moose and deer project leader. “In the short to medium term, we’re likely to keep seeing moose in the forests, lakes and swamps of northeastern Minnesota. But their long-term survival here in Minnesota remains uncertain.”

Survey results estimate northeastern Minnesota’s moose population at 4,180, statistically unchanged from 2018’s estimate of 3,030. The results reflect a 90 percent certainty that the moose population is between 3,250 and 5,580 animals.

The last significant population decline occurred between 2009 and 2012. Since then, the number of moose in northeastern Minnesota has been statistically stable.

Since the DNR began its modern moose surveys in 2005, northeastern Minnesota’s moose population was at its highest in 2006, when survey results estimated 8,840 animals. Each subsequent year’s survey estimate is compared to 2006’s peak estimate to calculate the population decline.

This year’s population estimate is 53 percent lower than 2006, an improvement from 2018 when the estimate was 65 percent lower.

Reproductive success and adult survival have the greatest impact on the annual count and dynamics of the moose population over time.

“We know from our research that adult female moose are getting pregnant,” DelGiudice said. “The problem is there aren’t enough female moose that are successfully producing calves and raising them to one year. That’s a significant challenge in our efforts to maintain Minnesota’s moose population.”

Survey results indicate that calf survival from birth in spring to January continues to be relatively stable but consistently low. Field studies have indicated that survival rates are even lower by spring, translating to low numbers of moose calves living through their first year.

The DNR’s detailed field research has shown that wolf predation has consistently accounted for about two-thirds of the calf mortality and one-third of the adult mortality. In some cases, injuries suffered during predation attempts – not the predation itself – ultimately killed the adult moose. In others, sickness or disease likely made the adult moose more vulnerable to predation.

The annual population survey is the most critical aspect of DNR moose management. Tracking moose numbers and determining the gender and age makeup of the population allows the DNR to closely monitor the health and well-being of moose.

In 2012, the DNR made nine forested areas a permanent part of the moose survey. These areas include different types of forest, including forests disturbed by events such as wildfires, blow-downs and timber harvests. Higher population counts within specific areas may indicate that moose prefer certain types of habitat. The DNR and its partners can use this information to better target current and future habitat enhancement projects to provide better conditions for long-term moose survival in Minnesota.

DNR wildlife research also is in its seventh year of an extensive study to determine how winter nutrition affects moose survival and reproductive success.

“There are many things we still don’t know,” DelGiudice said. “But our understanding of habitat preferences, population structure, nutrition and predation has significantly improved. Our goal is to use this new information to identify management options that better the chances for long-term survival of moose in northeastern Minnesota.”

This year’s survey involved flying in 52 survey plots distributed across northeastern Minnesota’s moose range from Jan. 3 to Jan. 17. While the survey is statistically sound, there is inherent uncertainty associated with it, because researchers will never see and count all of the animals across the 6,000-square-mile survey area.

The DNR has conducted annual aerial moose surveys each year since 1960 in the northeast.  Adjustments made to the survey in 2005 made it more accurate and its annual results more comparable from 2005 to the present.

The Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa and 1854 Treaty Authority again contributed funding and provided personnel for the annual moose survey.

More information about moose is available on the DNR website at


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Posted in Gunflint Trail

Moose Licking Car on the Gunflint Trail

Only on the Gunfint Trail! Had I known there was a car wash happening I would have gotten mine washed too. You can listen to another person’s account online at WTIP.

Richard Hoeg shared this post on Facebook.  If all the melting snow and slop has you in need of a car wash, just drive to the end of the Gunflint Trail and park your car on the side of the road in the burned out region between Gunflint and Saganaga Lake. The moose will be with you shortly … however it is important to have salt on your car as the moose do not accept cash for payment.

Just after dark yesterday evening while picking up my boys at Saganaga Lake after their successful trek from Moose Lake near Ely to the Gunflint. Three cars in succession got the “lick treatment” from two different moose!

moose sized salt lick

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Posted in Gunflint Trail

Ice and slush on the lakes

Snow and high winds made for dangerous conditions on Sunday afternoon.  That didn’t prevent some people from heading outside to fish or snowmobile. One group of anglers on the Gunflint Trail had to be rescued from Greenwood Lake when their snowmobiles got stuck in about 14 inches of slush.

Luckily the anglers were able to get in touch with Canadian authorities via cell phone service who then contacted the Cook County Sheriff’s Department.  Search and Rescue personnel were tasked with attempting to locate them on the 2043 acre lake in 50 mile per hour winds.

The group was located a few hours later a couple of miles from the boat landing and rescuers transported them back to land where the ambulance was waiting. Only one of the anglers was showing signs of hypothermia and was taken to the local hospital. Thankfully everyone made it off of the lake safe and sound.


Check out the ice coverage on Lake Superior this year as compared to last year at this time.

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Posted in Gunflint Trail

New date to reserve BWCA permits

NEWS RELEASE: For Immediate Release

Contact: Lisa Radosevich-Craig, Superior National Forest
P: (218) 626-4336

Boundary Waters Permit Reservations Available March 4, 2019

DULUTH, Minn. (February 21, 2019) Beginning Monday, March 4, 2019 at 9 am CST, the USDA Forest Service will reopen the process to reserve Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness quota permits on

“Between now and March 4 we will continue website testing and conducting training with cooperators to ensure the website meets Forest Service and public needs,” said Superior National Forest Supervisor Connie Cummins.

As a result of unforeseen technical issues, many people were unable to access the BWCAW reservation process when it opened on Wednesday, January 30. With only a small number of people being able to reserve a permit, the Forest Service halted the process for applying for BWCAW permits, then directed to cancel and refund any reservations that were processed.

The technical issues with the BWCAW permit sale software have been addressed and additional testing has been completed by reservation system programmers. The USDA Forest Service is confident that the reservation system will function correctly and that visitors will have equitable access to make permit reservations beginning March 4, 2019. Quota permits for the BWCAW may be reserved through the season to September 30.

The BWCAW, located on the Superior National Forest in Minnesota, is one of over 3,500 facilities across the country which utilize to manage their reservation processes. Full details on the reservation process are located at

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Posted in BWCA

Benefits of twenty degrees below zero actual temperatures

Besides the fun tricks you can do with boiling water when it’s -20 degrees outside there are a couple of other benefits. One big benefit the forest might see is a die off of the Emerald Ash Borer.

According to an article, “When temperatures get to about 20 below zero Fahrenheit, we see about 50% of the Emerald Ash Borer Larvae begin to die,” said Rob Venette, director of the Minnesota Invasive Terrestrial Plants and Pests Center with the University of Minnesota…Experts say at 30 below and colder, as much as 90% of the ash borer larva could be dying off.

Unfortunately the warming trends we’re experiencing have allowed invasive species to thrive.  Some researchers claim the warmer and shorter winters are partly responsible for the decline in the moose population. Winter ticks have been especially bad in recent years whereas years back the tick population appeared to be cyclic.

moose in the BWCA

Moose on the Gunflint Trail

A study in an article about tick infestation on moose found this.  “In the study, published in the Canadian Journal of Zoology, researchers outline the screening of 179 radio-marked moose calves (age nine to 10 months) for physical condition and parasites in the month of January over three consecutive years from 2014 to 2016. They tracked new calves for four months each and found that a total of 125 calves died over the three-year period. A high infestation of winter ticks was found on each calf (an average of 47,371 per moose) causing emaciation and severe metabolic imbalance from blood loss, which was the primary cause of death.”

Another benefit of the severely cold temperatures is the amount of ice on lakes. Ice cover can prevent evaporation and thick ice that slows the ice melt can keep water temperatures lower longer.  This can benefit some fish species, reduce invasive species and slow down harmful algal blooms.
While we two-leggeds may complain about the nose hair freezing cold there are benefits that far outweigh having to turn the thermostat up another degree or add another log to the fire. Bring on the cold Mother Nature.
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Posted in environment

Boundary Waters Permit System to Open February 27

Forest Service announces tentative date for reopening Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness permit process

DULUTH, Minn.  (February 7, 2019) The USDA Forest Service anticipates reopening the process to reserve Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness quota permits on February 27, 2019. Prior to the tentative reopening date for the reservation system the Forest Service is working on the following actions:

fixing a technical problem in the BWCAW sale software;
additional planned training for permit cooperators who rely on the system;
and additional testing to ensure a smooth launch of the updated system.
Once the above schedule of actions is successfully completed the Forest Service will confirm the reopening date and move forward with broad public outreach to notify the public of the new reservation period.

“We deeply regret the difficulty this has caused, and I want to thank the members of the community who are working with us to make this transition to an online reservation system successful,” said Superior National Forest Supervisor Connie Cummins. “Our goal is to ensure the reservation system provides a fair and open means for the public to visit the Boundary Waters and support the local businesses that depend on this special place.”

The problem in the BWCAW permit reservation process last Wednesday resulted in many people unable to access the BWCAW reservation process when it opened. This lead to only a small number of people being able to reserve a permit. The Forest Service halted the process for applying for BWCAW permits, then directed to cancel and refund any reservations that were processed.

The BWCAW, located on the Superior National Forest in Minnesota, is one of over 3,500 facilities across the country which utilize to manage their permit reservation processes. Within the national reservation system, customers can simultaneously apply for and secure a reservation for a permit.

Full details on the reservation process are located at

BWCAW permit reservations

BWCA camping

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Posted in BWCA

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